Anxiety describes our feelings when we are uncomfortable or frightened. It can be triggered for a number of reasons like pressure at school, relationship difficulties with parents or friends, bereavement, or other stressful events. It’s important to know that everyone experiences anxiety and this is a normal feeling.  Sometimes it can happen often and get in the way of your daily life and make you feel worried, tired and unable to concentrate – you may avoid doing things you usually do.

If you are sleeping badly and feeling irritable it is important to talk to someone who can help support and manage your anxiety.

Young Minds – Anxiety
RCPSYCH – Worries & Anxieties
RCPSYCH – Coping with Stress
Rethink – Anxiety Factsheet

Anyone can experience low mood or depression at any time in their life. Depression may affect feelings, behaviour, and thoughts. It can also be related to being bullied, pressure at school, parents splitting up, someone close dying or questioning sexuality.

In situations like this there may be strong feelings of sadness, anger, hopelessness or worthlessness. There can also be a lack of energy, trouble sleeping, crying a lot and unable to explain why you feel so down. Check out these links:

Young Minds – Depression
RCPSYCH – Depression in Young People
Young Minds – Depression
Rethink – Depression _Factsheet

It is not uncommon for young people to worry about their weight and changes to their bodies, and many will try to lose weight. When these worries start to interfere with normal eating and attitudes towards weight and shape the young person may have an eating disorder. The two main types of eating disorders are anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. Anorexia is characterised by worrying about food and weight all the time and trying ways to lose weight through dieting and exercising. Other people may notice and comment on the weight loss but the person will still see themselves as fat. Bulimia nervosa is about being worried about body weight but through trying to control it, they become trapped in a cycle of binge eating followed by being sick or taking laxatives to get rid of the food.

Young Minds – Anorexia
Young Minds – Bulimia
RCPSYCH – Worries about weight and eating problems
Young Minds – Eating Problems
Rethink – Eating Disorders Factsheet

Self-harm can be really hard to understand but it’s more common than you may think affecting around one in 15 people. Self-harming is when someone chooses to cause themselves pain in some way. It may involve cutting or burning, biting nails excessively, developing an eating disorder or taking an overdose of tablets. It can also include taking drugs or excessive amounts of alcohol. It’s usually a sign that something is wrong.  Self-harm can arise from feeling anxious, depressed or stressed. It can also be due to being bullied and feeling that there is no support or way to deal with these problems. The issues then ‘build up’ to the point where the person feels like they are going to explode. Young people who self-harm often talk about the ‘release’ they feel after they have self-harmed, because it’s used as a mechanism to cope with problems.

Young Minds – Self Harm
Young Minds – No Harm Done
Rethink – Selfharm Factsheet
CWMT – No Harm Done – YP